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Computers are talking and we’re listening.

Computers seem to know what we want or what we searched for the last time we visited Google.

Why? Artificial Intelligence is changing the world and Kenya needs to embrace advanced technology to not only change our economy but create job opportunities.

Computers are talking these days and can handle a wide range of tasks like humans. 

Artificial Intelligence is used by individuals and organisations for use in a variety of industries. 

Industries like the medical industry are using artificial intelligence to make operations accurate without errors.

Artificial intelligence isn’t used in the healthcare industry only but in the education systems, businesses and law firms.

Many technologies get incorporated in artificial intelligence including automation, machine learning and machine vision.

Artificial intelligence is the biggest technological revolution in the modern era. 

More developments, advancements and improvements are being made on artificial intelligence systems in order to improve human life quality.

Instead of fearing artificial intelligence by calling it evil, why not embrace it.

Technological innovations make tasks easier to deal with.

While the tasks get shortened or some people may be forced out of their jobs, new opportunities get created.

History of Artificial Intelligence

Before we go into the nitty-gritty of what artificial intelligence is, we can go back in time a little and see how artificial intelligence came to be.

Artificial Intelligence as it is known today, is not as new.

In the 1950s, Robert Turing (famously known for Turing’s test) had a theory, “If there are imaginable computers that can do well in the imitation game?”

This theory later came to be what is known today as artificial intelligence. 

The first artificial intelligence program was written in 1951, which paved the way for the first MIT lab that focused on computer science and engineering. 

Later, over the years, in 2011, Google adopted its first voice assistant and artificial intelligence has since become mainstream in so many ways.

Who Invented Artificial Intelligence?

John McCarthy is known as the founding father of artificial intelligence.

He coined this term “artificial intelligence” when he was trying to find a way in how computers and machines can perform human tasks.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

In simple terms, artificial intelligence is the combination of human intelligence and technology to allow human-like conversations through machines, especially computer systems. 

Artificial intelligence is the ability of a computer program to learn and think independently, with or without human interaction. 

When a computer does things that normally require human intelligence, it is said to be artificially intelligent. 

Artificial intelligence in computers means that various computer software can write itself. 

How Does Artificial Intelligence Work?

In traditional programming, a computer is given data and an algorithm to produce a certain output.

Like we said earlier, a machine that can learn human intelligence has acquired artificial intelligence.

For this to happen, a computer learns its own algorithm and predicts the right output data with the input given.

The computer uses historical data and these algorithms to come up with a propensity model, which makes these predictions. 

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence.

Machine learning is the science of getting computers to learn and act as humans do. 

Through machine learning, a computer will develop an “if this, then that, then what about X” formula to be able to operate independently. 

Types of Artificial Intelligence

There is a wide range of artificial intelligence systems. 

These systems can be broadly classified based on their capabilities and functions.

When artificial intelligence systems are classified according to the capabilities, we have:

  • Narrow artificial intelligence 
  • General artificial intelligence 
  • Super artificial intelligence 
  1. Narrow artificial intelligence 

This is also known as weak artificial intelligence.

This system is designed and trained to perform a single and specific task.

They cannot work without human interaction.

This type of artificial intelligence can answer questions or obey a given program command.

Examples include Apple’s Siri, Windows Cortana and Google’s OK Google. These are reputable voice-activated assistants. 

  1. General artificial intelligence 

This is also known as strong artificial intelligence.

This type of artificial intelligence can perform different tasks.

It has generalised human cognitive abilities, meaning it can solve tasks and find solutions without human intervention.

For example, a self-driving car will use its computer vision, image recognition and deep learning to run on autopilot.

  1. Super artificial intelligence

The development of this system is still underway, but the bottom line is that this artificial intelligence system is meant to be smarter than humans.

Although still theoretical, more innovations are geared to achieve this artificial intelligence model.

When artificial intelligence systems are classified according to their functionalities, we have:

  • Reactive machines 
  • Limited memory 
  • Theory of mind
  • Self awareness 
  1. Reactive machines

Here, machines perform basic artificial intelligence operations.

They react to input with some output. There is no machine learning that occurs here.

  1. Limited memory 

This system has the artificial intelligence ability to store previous data and use it to make better and expected predictions.

For example, a self-driving car will use the previous data to know which directions to take.

  1. Theory of mind

Computers lack human connection.

This created a need to develop an artificial intelligence system that can read the human mind and emotions.

This artificial intelligence is designed to interact with the thoughts and emotions of human beings.

Sofia was the first artificial intelligence system that could read human emotions.

  1. Self awareness 

This type of artificial intelligence is not only designed to be aware of the mental state and emotions of others but also their own.

Developers are still trying to create a framework to design this latest model. 

Uses of Artificial Intelligence

  • Give directions of places in case you are lost.
  • Recognize who or what is in a photo by use of a computer’s image vision
  • To give recommendations on what you should buy, watch or listen to online based on historical data
  • Identify songs and song artists by voice recognition 
  • To spot spam 
  • To detect credit card fraud
  • Understand what you say to virtual assistants 

Artificial Intelligence Companies

DataRobot

This company uses artificial intelligence in automated tools, thereby increasing the productivity of data scientists and engineers.

International Business Machines (IBM)

This company was involved in the birth of artificial intelligence. It provides a cloud platform and offers cognitive solutions to problems. 

Apple

Apple uses artificial intelligence as voice assistants using Siri, to recommend songs on Apple Music and to find photos in iCloud. 

Salesforce

With artificial intelligence, Salesforce can gather data on customer behaviour and use it to provide predictive analytics and intelligent insights on customers.

Microsoft

Microsoft uses Windows Cortana as a voice assistant artificial intelligence system to respond to questions and obey commands. 

Google

“OKGoogle” is a voice assistant that is used for interactive voice searches by users.

Amazon

Amazon uses artificial intelligence to enhance customer experience and to determine what to sell to customers. 

CognitiveScales Inc

This is a provider of artificial intelligence products and software. 

CloudMinds

This is an operator of cloud-based systems for intelligent robots.

Examples of Artificial Intelligence Services

There are many artificial intelligence services that we use knowingly or unknowingly.

Some of these services are listed below:

Artificial intelligence is used in online ads to suggest specific ads according to a user’s past online interests and search queries.

Google uses artificial intelligence algorithms like Rankbrain to determine an appropriate result for a search.

Google also has a voice assistant “OK Google” that responds to questions.

Various phone apps are using voice searches as a form of artificial intelligence to search and allow conversational messages. 

Chatbots are increasingly becoming popular in online platforms to reach customers fast and allow efficient interaction with customers and big companies.

Marketing emails use artificial intelligence to send automatic emails based on how a person has interacted with a certain business website.

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence

Round the clock availability

Computers and machines can work 24/7.

With proper maintenance, they are not subject to exhaustion and cannot break down.

An example of an artificial intelligence system running 24/7 is the Helpline centres.

Human risk aversion

Human beings use artificial intelligence to diffuse or test bombs or for mining activities.

This averts the risk of death.

Faster decision making

Artificial intelligence uses its set algorithm to predict outcomes, thereby making faster decisions than humans.

Daily life applications

Artificial intelligence makes a person’s average life easier by using Siri, Cortana and OK Google as voice assistants to respond to questions, give recommendations or obey commands. 

Improved work productivity

Generally, machines and computers can handle a wide range of tasks simultaneously or at the same time.

Increased efficiency

Artificial intelligence systems are fast, reliable and accessible hence making them very efficient. 

Reduced human error

Artificial intelligence systems eliminate the possibility of errors made by humans and assure accurate results. 

Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

Expensive

Artificial intelligence systems are complex and costly to create.

They also require regular updating and maintenance, which is expensive. 

Laziness

Since machines and computers can do human work, human beings are getting more relaxed, lazy and cannot handle even the simplest tasks.

Lack of human connection

Artificial intelligence systems lack human emotions.

This touch is lost when interacting with human beings.

No outside thinking

An artificial intelligence system will only operate with the algorithm that was given.

This makes it not think outside the box in case of slight alterations of data.

Unemployment

Artificial intelligence is linked with the replacement of human beings from their jobs since more tasks will be handled without human interaction. 

Ethical Issues in Artificial Intelligence You Should Know About

When an organisation or a business engages in the development, design and regulation of artificial intelligence, certain ethical issues need to be addressed.

For example, when an autonomous vehicle is involved in an accident, liability is unclear.

There should be regulations that govern the use of artificial intelligence tools to prevent certain risks:

Bias

When an artificial intelligence system is programmed with gender, racial or any other discriminative algorithm, they give unfair or skewed results, neglecting the other party.

Privacy

Artificial intelligence systems can gain access to large amounts of personal data that may be risky because you are not in control of the ownership.

Inequality

Countries that have advanced artificial intelligence technology will have superiority over the rest of the countries, leading to unbalanced terms of economic and social factors.

Social isolation

As humans keep on being fascinated with the idea of making machines as humanly possible, it limits their interactions with other human beings.

Take this instance where you ask Google for directions to a place when you could reach out to someone who has been to that place before. 

Employment

A lot of people relate artificial intelligence to the risk of losing their jobs because tasks done by humans can be undertaken by these computers and machines. 

Health

Doctor-patient confidentiality is important and must be upheld.

With artificial intelligence, health data is not restricted and this does not look good in health sectors embracing this technology. 

What Do You Need to Learn Artificial Intelligence

If you have no idea what artificial intelligence is or you want to expand your knowledge on this topic, it is an easy course to undertake. 

While a lot of people might say that you need to have good tech comprehension skills, oftentimes artificial intelligence requires you to understand machine learning.

Coding is a vital part of machine learning, so it is important to have at least some exposure in that field. 

With that, you can learn artificial intelligence all by yourself.

You can either watch videos online, read books or take an artificial intelligence course.

Artificial Intelligence Technology

Artificial intelligence technology covers everything from the material parts of the artificial intelligence system, its circuit boards, chipset and software which makes up the brain of the computer. 

This technology is designed to ensure that the computer can think independently and mimic human actions. 

This makes them smart. The latest and updated devices are used to put together an artificially intelligent system.

Future of Artificial Intelligence

Technology is coming up with new ways in which human beings and machines can live together.

Will artificial intelligence rule the world? Yes.

Artificial intelligence keeps on impacting various fields and individual lives in general. 

Artificial intelligence keeps on fuelling new inventions and innovations to make work easier. 

The health, agriculture, finance, law, manufacturing industries and government agencies will rely on artificial intelligence to conduct their operations effectively. 

FAQs on Everything to Know About Artificial Intelligence

1. What is artificial intelligence everything you need to know

According to qualcomm.com What is Artificial Intelligence Everything You Need to Know About A.I

I define Artificial Intelligence as a range of techniques that allow machines to mimic or exceed human intelligence.

2. What are aspects of artificial intelligence?

Aspects of artificial intelligence are:

Self-improvement

Abstractions

Randomness

Creativity

Automatic computers

Programming artificial language to use language.

3. What basic knowledge does artificial intelligence need?

Basic knowledge you need to get started in artificial intelligence includes:

Ability to write algorithms

Good analytical skills

Knowledge of statistics

Ability to learn machine learning

Good knowledge of Mathematics.

4. Do you need Maths to study artificial intelligence?

Yes, Maths is a requirement of getting into A.I.

According to Linkedin (Want to Get Into A.I? You Need to Learn a Lot of Math) and the Maths subjects include:

Linear Algebra

Differential Calculus

Basic Statistics

Numerical Analysis.

5. What should I study for artificial intelligence?

You should study the following to get into A.I:

Programming

Advanced Maths (Statistics, Algebra and Calculus)

Machine Learning/Deep Learning (Natural Language Processing, Computer Vision and Image Analysis)

Computer Science (Data Science Essentials, Computer Systems and Programming)

Decision Making

Robotics

Perception and Learning.

6. What skills do I need to get into artificial intelligence?

The skills needed to get into Artificial Intelligence are:

Computer Science

Programming Languages and Coding

Maths Skills

7. What are careers in artificial intelligence?

The careers in Artificial Intelligence include the following:

Surgical technicians working with Robotics

Algorithm specialists

Computer scientists and computer engineers

Software analysis and developers

Graphic art designers

Textile manufacturers

Architects

Digital musicians

Medical professions (artificial limbs, prosthetics, hearing aids and vision restoration)

8. What are the industries impacted by artificial intelligence?

Industries impacted positively by artificial intelligence include the following:

Cybersecurity

Retail

Construction

Supply chain management

Healthcare

Manufacturing

Transportation

IT

Education

Marketers/Business professions

9. What are the most popular artificial intelligence jobs?

Most popular jobs in artificial intelligence include:

Machine learning engineer

Robotics engineer

Computer vision engineer

Data scientists

10. Does artificial intelligence require coding?

YES, artificial intelligence requires coding.

11. What are the languages used in artificial intelligence?

The languages used in artificial intelligence include:

Python

Java

Javascript

C++

Haskell

Julia

R

Lisp

Prolog

Scala.

12. Which language is best used for artificial intelligence?

Python is the best language used in artificial intelligence.

13. How can I self study artificial intelligence?

You can self-study artificial intelligence

Pick a topic you’re interested in

You become better as you learn artificial intelligence

Take online courses

Get a job in artificial intelligence and get the training.

14. Is Python easier than C++?

Python is easier to learn than C++.

15. What’s the salary of an artificial intelligence engineer?

Your salary can go between 30 million to 50 million a year or more.

16. Is artificial intelligence the future?

Artificial Intelligence is the main driver of technologies like Big Data, Robotics and IoT.

17. How long does it take to learn Python?

It takes 2 – 6 months to learn artificial intelligence and years to become a master.

You become better as you learn.

18. Can artificial intelligence make you rich?

Yes, artificial intelligence can make you rich by freelancing, teaching or a startup.

19. What are the types of artificial intelligence?

The types of artificial intelligence are:

Reactive Machines

Limited Memory

Self-Awareness.

20. Is Siri an artificial intelligence?

Yes, Siri is an artificial intelligence-based voice assistant used in Apple devices comparable to Amazon’s Alexa and Googe’s Google Assistant.

21. How long does it take to master artificial intelligence?

It takes more than a few courses to master artificial intelligence. You need to keep learning.

22. What do you need to be aware of before studying artificial intelligence?

You need to be aware of the following before learning artificial intelligence:

Knowledge of programming language

Knowledge of Maths

Machine learning

Knowledge of data structure.

Resources Related to Everything to Know About on Artificial Intelligence

What are the Languages Used in Artificial Intelligence?

What’s the Most Powerful Programming Language?

Which’s the Easiest Coding Language?

Which’s the Hardest Coding Language?

How to Start a Career Path in Artificial Intelligence

For most people in Kenya, artificial intelligence is a dreaded topic.

A lot of dangerous outcomes are associated with the continued innovation and improvement of artificial intelligence systems. 

Artificial intelligence advancements are geared to make machines and computers smarter than human beings.

This will make them do more than human beings can handle.

While it might seem like machines are ready to rise up and take over, humans are still needed to do much of the work.

The technology behind artificial intelligence now can only be used to improve products and services for marketing.

Human beings can never get replaced anytime soon.

If your career is threatened by artificial intelligence, why not take a step to learn more about AI.

NOTE: The more competitive you’re in your job market, the harder it is for a machine to replace you.

Do you believe artificial intelligence is changing the world?

Are you tempted to get into artificial intelligence and are worried it may not be for you?

The more Kenya embraces technologies like artificial intelligence, the more we develop our economy and get rid of joblessness.


stephanie

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